nr Bradford, West Yorkshire
Featured Location Guide
"A World Heritage Site"
Saltaire is a suburb of Manchester around 3
miles NNW of the city centre. It is designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site, it's
also an anchor point on the European Route of Industrial Heritage.
It is a Victorian model village built in the
1850's, copying in some ways the cotton milling village of
Cotton Mill Village, Lanarkshire.
It was constructed for Sir Titus Salt who at the time had 5 woollen mills, moved
his business to a new larger mill at Saltaire and built the model village for his workers.
This larger mill was by a river, canal and railway.
The Mill at Saltaire
The model village includes neat stone houses for his workers (much better
than the slums of Bradford), wash-houses with running water, bath-houses, a
hospital, as well as an Institute for recreation and education, with a library,
a reading room, a concert hall, billiard room, science laboratory and gymnasium.
The village also provided a school for the children of the workers, almshouses,
allotments, a park and a boathouse. He built the congregational church and
the mausoleum next to it, where Sir Titus Salt was
buried, and donated the land where the Methodist church was built.
The name Saltaire is a combination of Salt
after Titus Salt and Aire after the River Aire it stands near. Just prior to
this Titus had been campaigning to clean up the quality of the air in the areas
around so it may have had a second meaning. The streets are named after the
members of Titus's family.
Titus Salt was born in Morley near Leeds, 20
Sept 1803, he went to Batley Grammar School, his father Daniel being a fairly
successful businessman. He became his fathers partner having first worked for 2
years as a wool-stapler (dealer in wool). This business 'Daniel Salt and Son'
worked with Russian Donskoi wool, which was widely used but not in worsted
cloth. Titus went around the spinners in Bradford attempting to get them to use
it in Worsted manufacture, with no success, so set up a spinning and
manufacturing business himself. In 1836 Titus came across some forgotten bales
of Alpaca wool in Liverpool, and after doing some experiments with some samples
bought the consignment, using this he became the creator of what was to become a
fashionable cloth called Alpaca. In 1833 he took over the running of his fathers
business and over 20 years expanded it to the point where he was the
largest employer in Bradford.
Titus Salt became Mayor of Bradford. The smoke
and pollution emanating from local mills (factories) in Bradford was
acknowledged to come from the many factory chimneys and Salt tried
unsuccessfully to get this pollution cleaned up using a device called the Rodda
Two years later in 1850 Titus decided to move
his manufacturing from a number of mills to one larger site next to the railway,
canal and river, 3 miles from Bradford on land he had bought. He opened it on
his 50th birthday with a grand banquet in 1853. At this time it is said to have
been the largest factory in the world. He then built a model village for
his employees (see above).
Titus Salt was a man of action:-
He was Chief Constable of Bradford
before its incorporation as a borough in 1837.
Senior Alderman from 1837.
Later Deputy Lieutenant for the West Riding of Yorkshire.
In 1857 he was President of the Bradford Chamber of Commerce.
Liberal Member of Parliament for
Bradford from 1859 until he retired through ill health on 1 February 1861.
In 1869 he was created a Baronet, of
Saltaire in the County of York.
Statue of Titus Salt
in Roberts Park, Saltaire
He died at Crow Nest, Lightcliffe, near
Halifax, West Yorkshire in 1876 and was buried next to Saltaire Congregational
Church. It is said that over 100,000 people lined the route of the funeral
It is said that Salt was teetotal, but there is
no evidence of this, except that he forbade beershops in Saltaire.
At the opening of Saltaire he told Lord
Harewood that he built it 'To do good and give his sons employment'. Some now
site it as Salt's philanthropic project and an example of paternalism,
but it just probably made commercial sense to him at the time and was in line
with his own ideals.
It was then run by his son, also Sir Titus Salt,
after his sons death, Saltaire was taken over by a partnership that included James
Roberts. Roberts came to own Saltaire. He is another interesting character of
history. He endowed a Chair of Russian at Leeds University and bought the
Brontë's Haworth Parsonage for the nation.
|Salitaire is also known as the "village of
parliamentarians" as it was the home of:-
Titus Salt MP for three years.
Lord Wallace of Saltaire
(House of Lords).
Richard Corbett MEP (European
Chris Leslie MP (House of Commons until 2005).
Principle buildings in Saltaire
Mill, now an art gallery, shops,
apartments etc. The Mill also houses an extensive collection of
David Hockney’s art, including his own paintings of Saltaire.
There is festival in September each
Saltaire, Bradford, West Yorkshire
A660 north from
Bradford, turn right onto A667, Saltaire is now on the left.
Minor road access
Things To Do,
See and Photograph:
Mill building, may be more than one,
church, mausoleum, almshouses, houses of different designs.
What to take:
River and canal locations
None - external views from public right of
Special Needs Access:
Special Needs Facilities:
Not enough of interest for children
Please let us know any other information that we
can add to the Further information and Planning Grids or page and any errors that you discover. Before making a long trip to any location it is always
wise to double check the current information, websites like magazines may be
correct at the time the information is written, but things change and it is of
course impossible to double check all entries on a regular basis. If you have
any good photographs that you feel would improve the illustration of this page
then please let us have copies. In referring to this page it is helpful if you
quote both the Page Ref and Topic or Section references from the Grid below. To print the
planning grid select it then right click and print the selected area.
Please submit information on locations you discover so
that this system continues to grow.