Unlike other species of deer in Britain, Muntjac do not cause significant damage to agricultural or timber crops. However, high population densities may result in the prevention of coppice regeneration and the loss of some plants, such as primulas. The most significant direct economic impact that wild Muntjac have on humans is in collisions with cars.
They are a small, stocky bread with russet brown fur in summer, grey brown in winter. They also have white patches on the chin, throat and rump. The also have tusks, large upper canine teeth, the females are shorter than the males. Other characteristics include long pedicles, large facial glands below the eyes, haunches higher than withers, giving a hunched appearance, wide tail, which is held erect when disturbed, and a Ginger forehead. On the forehead a black V shaped marking running to their nose, whilst the on females it's a dark U shape. Their Antlers are Short (up to 10cm) but on long pedicles, usually unbranched.
Distribution: Native to SE China and Tiawan, but introduced into parks in the UK. Wild populations in the UK are widespread, although predominantly in the south, and increasing in number and range. Can be found in South and central England and Wales. North of the Humber distribution is patchy but reaches close to the Scottish border.
Behaviour: They are solitary, but small groups may sometimes gather at feeding areas. Territories are around 14 hectares which they rarely leave and the Bucks defend these against other bucks whereas does' territories overlap with each other and with several bucks. They are active both day and night, but the main feeding periods are dawn, dusk, and mid-day. A common name for muntjac is "barking deer" resulting from the repeated, loud bark given under a number of circumstances. An alarmed muntjac may scream whereas maternal does and kids squeak.
They do not have a defined breeding season and therefore no rut, as they breed all year round. Bucks may fight for access to Does but are usually tolerant of subordinate males within their vicinity.
Conservation Status: Not endangered. In the UK it's thought they will become the UK's most numerous deer.
Wikipedia Category page for all Muntjac species