Photo by Alan Fryer
Bardsey Island is separated from the mainland by Bardsey Sound. The island, some 2 miles long by ½ mile wide, is surrounded by outcrops of sharp rocks.
See also our more general guide to this island at Bardsey Island.
Bardsey Lighthouse, stands on the southerly tip of the island and guides vessels passing through St George's Channel and the Irish Sea. It is said to be the only square tower lighthouse maintained by Trinity House.
Application for a light here was first made in 1816 by Lt. Thomas Evans R.N., but several other applications made in 1820 finally resulted in the building of the tower by Trinity House in 1821, at a cost of £5,470 12s 6d plus a further £2,950 16s 7d for the lantern.
Joseph Nelson was the engineer and builder, but the heavy weathered string-course near the base and the blocked and hooded directional light window show the influence of Daniel Alexander, who succeeded Samuel Wyatt as architect to Trinity House, and under whom Nelson served. Joseph Nelson is associated with the design of at least fifteen lighthouses, mostly in the Bristol Channel. The lighthouse is built of ashlar limestone and is unplastered inside and out, but painted in red and white bands on the outside. The Lighthouse tower is 30m (98ft) high and is unusual, amongst Trinity House towers of this period in being square in plan. Unlike many other lighthouses, it retains its original gallery railings, which are of iron and bellied (i.e. curved out in width at their crowns) towards the top. Other examples include Salt Island Lighthouse, at Holyhead, designed by John Rennie in the same year. Fortunately, the present lantern, fitted in 1856, did not require the removal of the original railings.
The plinth of the tower is 4m (13ft) high and elaborately enriched, and at ground level it forms a square of 7.6m (25ft) reducing to 6.1m (20ft) at the top of the plinth and 4.6m (15ft) at the top of the tower below the crowning cornice, which juts out in a square of 5.5m (18ft). The walls are 1.2m (4ft) thick at the base reducing to under 0.9m (3ft) at the top. Originally, the light comprised of reflectors but changed to a dioptric (refracting) mechanism in 1838, the appearance of the original lantern is not known. The present lantern of 1856 is a 4.27m (14ft) wide chamfered octagon and the light remained fixed, instead of revolving. The present revolving apparatus was installed in 1873 and gives a group of five flashes, originally driven by a vaporizing oil-lamp, but replaced by electric in 1973.
The Lighthouse is unusual in lacking any sort of harbour or quay facilities. As it is on an established migratory route, the tower has many bird casualties and The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, and Trinity House have tried to help the problem by providing perches on the lantern top and flood-lighting the tower, although this does not seem to have helped.
In 1987 the Lighthouse was converted to automatic operation and up until 1995 was monitored from the Trinity House Area Control Station at Holyhead. It is now monitored from the Trinity House Depot at Harwich, with a local part-time attendant carrying out routine maintenance.
Y Storws, sometimes referred to as The Boathouse, was built a few years before the lighthouse, near to the landing place at Y Cafn.
In the sixth century Bardsey was a refuge for the Celts who sought sanctuary from the bloodthirsty Saxons. Only the ruins of the Abbey of St. Mary remain, but the sanctity of its patron, St Dolmers, who died there in 612 made the Abbey famous all over Britain. The remains of many venerable monks were conveyed to the island to be buried, and acres of graves record tales of pious and laborious lives.
Photo by David Metcalf
Its likely that the odd looking building to the right of the picture is the source of the fog sound.
Although the lighthouse is not open there are day trips allowing people to visit the island, leaving from Porth Meudwy, but sometimes from Pwllheli. As a general rule, you will have 3.5 hours to explore the island. Overnight and weekly stays on the island are also available.
We have another location guide on visiting Bardsey Island, with most visitors going to see the wildlife.
Based on information from Wikipedia, Trinity House, Bardsey Island Trust and our other location guides.
An old postcard of Bardsey Lighthouse, in around 1905, shows that is changed very little
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